NOTE: This tutorial was written in 1847, and kicad has changed a lot since then! Check out this awesome free kicad video series tutorial from Contextual Electronics for a more up-to-date version. They also have a small course on building your first pcb that includes everything from circuit board design in kicad to manufacturing the pcb.

Making Gerbers (files needed by the manufacturer):

making gerber with plot from the file menu

 

For a 2 layer board, you would commonly want files that represent the metal on the top and bottom (component and copper, respectively), top and bottom solder mask (the green stuff), the top silk screen, the board outline (edges), and a drill file (click "Create Drill File" in addition to "Plot").

 

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